7β-hydroxy-epiandrosterone (7β-OH-EPIA) has been shown to be cytoprotective in various organs including the brain. It has also been shown that prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) and its spontaneous metabolite 15-deoxy--12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) are also cytoprotective. It is possible that these prostaglandins derived from circulating mononuclear cells may mediate the actions of 7β-OH-EPIA. The aim of this study, therefore, was to ascertain the effect of 7β-OH-EPIA (in the absence or presence of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)), a pro-inflammatory stimulus, on the biosynthesis of PGD2, PGE2 and 15d-PGJ2 from human mononuclear cells. Prostaglandins were measured by enzyme immunoassay (EIA). 7β-OH-EPIA alone induced a concentration-dependant increase in the production of PGD2. TNF-α increased PGD2 levels which were enhanced by 7β-OH-EPIA. 7β-OH-EPIA increased 15d-PGJ2 levels both in the absence and presence of TNF-α. 7β-OH-EPIA alone had no effect on PGE2 biosynthesis but suppressed TNF-α-induced PGE2 circa 50%. 7β-OH-EPIA also increased the level of free arachidonic acid and radiolabelled prostaglandins in cells pre-incubated with radiolabelled arachidonic acid, indicating that the increase may occur via the enhanced release of substrate arachidonic acid. 7β-OH-EPIA did not affect levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 indicating that this is an unlikely mechanism by which 7β-OH-EPIA induces its actions but more likely exerts its effects via the production of cytoprotective prostaglandins.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2008|
- 7 beta-Hydroxy-epiandrosterone
- human mononuclear cells