A comparative numerical analysis on the effect of welding consumables on the ballistic resistance of SMAW joints of armor steel

Ambuj Saxena, Shashi Prakash Dwivedi, Shubham Sharma, Vishal Shankar Srivastava, Gursharan Singh, Jujhar Singh, Somnath Chattopadhyaya, Catalin I. Pruncu

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Abstract

In the present investigation, a comparative study of ballistic impact behavior of Armox 500T (base metal) and its weldments prepared by low hydrogen ferrite (weldment-1) and austenitic stainless steel (weldment-2) consumables against 7.62 AP bullet has been performed with the help of finite element analysis code Abaqus 2017. Further, the result is validated with the experimental results. The experiment has been performed on the base metal, weldment-1, and weldment-2 against 7.62 AP bullet. Further, a two-dimensional explicit model has been developed for given purpose to simulate the bullet penetration at such high strain rate (103 s−1). Both bullet and plate are considered as deformable. Experimental results revealed that the depth of penetration in the base metal, weldment-1, and weldment-2 is 10.93, 13.65, and 15.20 mm respectively. Further computational results revealed that the depth of penetration of base metal, weldment-1, and weldment-2 is 10.11, 12.87, and 14.60 mm, respectively. Furthermore, weldment-1 shows more resistance against 7.62 AP bullet than weldment-2 in experimentation as well as FEA results. The percentage difference between experimental and FEA results are less than 10% which shows the prediction capability of FEA models. A feasibility analysis has been presented for using the welding consumables to weld the Armox 500T plate. Finally, in terms of ballistic resistance, the low hydrogen ferrite consumables are more appropriate than austenitic stainless-steel electrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3629
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Sciences
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Armox 500T
  • SMAW welding
  • ballistic testing
  • JC model
  • FEA
  • high strain rate

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