A diode-MMC AC/DC hub for connecting offshore wind farm and offshore production platform

Kai Huang, Lie Xu, Guangchen Liu

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Abstract

A diode rectifier-modular multilevel converter AC/DC hub (DR-MMC Hub) is proposed to integrate offshore wind power to the onshore DC network and offshore production platforms (e.g. oil/gas and hydrogen production plants) with different DC voltage levels. The DR and MMCs are connected in parallel at the offshore AC collection network to integrate offshore wind power, and in series at the DC terminals of the offshore production platform and the onshore DC network. Compared with 'conventional' parallel-connected DR-MMC HVDC systems, the proposed DR-MMC hub reduces the required MMC converter rating, leading to a lower investment cost and power loss. System control of the DR-MMC AC/DC hub is designed based on the operation requirements of the offshore production platform, considering different control modes (power control or DC voltage control). System behaviors and requirements during AC and DC faults are investigated, and the hybrid MMCs with half-bridge and full-bridge sub-modules (HBSMs and FBSMs) are used for safe operation and protection during DC faults. Simulation results based on PSCAD/EMTDC validate the operation of the DR-MMC hub.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3759
Number of pages16
JournalEnergies
Volume14
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • DC network
  • HVDC transmission
  • modular multielvel converter
  • diode rectifier
  • offshore oil/gas platform
  • offshore production
  • offshore wind power

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