After 34 yr, the black hole candidate EXO 1846-031 went into outburst again in 2019. We investigate its spectral properties in the hard intermediate and the soft states with NuSTAR and Insight-HXMT. A reflection component has been detected in the two spectral states but possibly originating from different illumination spectra: in the intermediate state, the illuminating source is attributed to a hard coronal component, which has been commonly observed in other X-ray binaries, whereas in the soft state, the reflection is probably produced by disk self-irradiation. Both cases support EXO 1846-031 as a low-inclination system of ∼ 40. An absorption line is clearly detected at ∼7.2 keV in the hard intermediate state, corresponding to a highly ionized disk wind (log, ξ > 6.1) with a velocity of up to 0.06c. Meanwhile, quasi-simultaneous radio emissions have been detected before and after the X-rays, implying the coexistence of disk winds and jets in this system. If only the high-flux segment of the NuSTAR observation is considered, the observed wind appears to be magnetically driven. The absorption line disappeared in the soft state and a narrow emission line appeared at ∼6.7 keV on top of the reflection component, which may be evidence for disk winds, but data with higher spectral resolution are required to examine this.
- accretion disk–binaries
- individual (EXO 1846–031)