Biodiversity, pathogen sharing and international law

Stephanie Switzer, Elisa Morgera, Elsa Tsioumani, Gian Luca Burci

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The sharing of pathogens is fundamental to global health and has the capacity to contribute, inter alia, to enhancing disease surveillance activities necessary for global health security, building and bolstering diagnostic capacity, assisting in risk assessment, as well as the development of vaccines and treatments such as antivirals. In order for an effective infectious disease response to be realised, however, pathogen sharing on its own is not enough. Instead, 'fair and equitable access to diagnostics, vaccines and treatments' is also required.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Health in International and EU Law
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Challenges and Legal Responses
EditorsStefania Negri
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages19
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jun 2019


  • pathogen sharing
  • global health
  • vaccines
  • world health organization

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