Correlation between mitotic delay and aberration burden, and their role for the analysis of chromosomal damage

E Gudowska-Nowak, A Kleczkowski, E Nasonova, M Scholz, S Ritter

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim was to investigate further the relationship between radiation-induced mitotic delay and the expression of chromosome damage in V79 cells. Recently published data on the time-course of chromosome aberrations in V79 first-cycle metaphases after exposure to 10.4 MeV u-1 Ar ions (LET = 1226 keV μ-1) were supplemented and reanalysed. A statistical analysis of the distribution of aberrations among cells was performed. Furthermore., cells were grouped into subpopulations carrying 0, 1-2, 3-4, 5-6 and 7 or more aberrations. Then, based on the mitotic index, the flux of each subgroup through the first mitosis was determined and the average entrance time to mitosis was estimated. For comparison, the flux of aberrant V79 cells generated by X-irradiation was analysed. Analysis of the Ar ion data revealed that the flux of each subpopulation through the first mitosis is strongly affected by its aberration burden, i.e. a positive correlation between the mitotic delay and the number of aberrations carried by a cell was observed. The distribution of aberrations among cells could be well described by Neyman-type A statistics; the corresponding fit parameters also reflect the damage-dependent mitotic delay. Interestingly, comparison of the flux of Ar ion and X-ray-irradiated V79 cells through mitosis revealed (1) that a direct correlation exists between the number of aberrations carried by a cell and its average entrance time to mitosis, and (2) that this effect is independent of the linear energy transfer. The role of these observations for radiation cytogenetics is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-32
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2005

Keywords

  • aberration yield
  • compound poisson distribution
  • high LET radiation
  • mitotic delay
  • time-course of aberrations

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