DC fault study of a point-to-point HVDC system integrating offshore wind farm using high-temperature superconductor DC cables

Wang Xiang, Weijia Yuan, Lie Xu, Eoin Hodge, John Fitzgerald, Paul McKeever, Keith Bell

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This paper presents a feasibility study of an offshore wind farm (OWF) HVDC integration system using high-temperature superconductor (HTS) DC cables. A representative 100kV/2GW point-to-point OWF HVDC system is proposed including HTS DC cables and two converter stations using modular multilevel converters (MMCs). To be compatible with the high current rating of the HTS cables, each of the offshore and onshore converter stations consists of three MMCs in parallel. To study the interaction between HTS DC cables and MMCs, a multiple lumped -section model of a HTS DC cable considering electrical and thermal functionality is developed. This paper provides a critical assessment of the proposed HVDC-HTS system, with emphasis on the performance under fast DC fault transients. Detailed simulations presented in this paper reveal that the HVDC-HTS system provides effective current limiting against DC cable short circuit faults.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
Early online date2 Jul 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Jul 2021


  • high-temperature superconductors
  • superconducting cables
  • power cables
  • circuit faults
  • HVDC transmision

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