Development of an injectable shear-thinning nanocomposite hydrogel for cardiac tissue engineering

Samaneh Soltani, Rahmatollah Emadi, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Mahshid Kharaziha, Abbas Rahmati, Vijay Kumar Thakur, Saeid Lotfian

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Abstract

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offer a promising therapeutic method for cardiac tissue regeneration. However, to monitor the fate of MSCs for tissue repair, a better stem cell delivery carrier is needed. Developing a unique injectable and shear-thinning dual cross-linked hybrid hydrogel for MSC delivery for cardiac tissue engineering is highly desirable. This hydrogel was synthesised using guest: host reaction based on alginate-cyclodextrin (Alg-CD) and adamantane-graphene oxide (Ad-GO). Here, the role of macromere concentration (10 and 12%) on the MSC function is discussed. Our hybrid hydrogels reveal a suitable oxygen pathway required for cell survival. However, this value is strongly dependent on the macromere concentrations, while the hydrogels with 12% macromere concentration (2DC12) significantly enhanced the oxygen permeability value (1.16-fold). Moreover, after two weeks of culture, rat MSCs (rMSCs) encapsulated in Alg-GO hydrogels expressed troponin T (TNT) and GATA4 markers. Noticeably, the 2DC12 hydrogels enhance rMSCs differentiation markers (1.30-times for TNT and 1.21-times for GATA4). Overall, our findings indicate that tuning the hydrogel compositions regulates the fate of encapsulated rMSCs within hydrogels. These outcomes may promote the advancement of new multifunctional platforms that consider the spatial and transient guidelines of undifferentiated cell destiny and capacity even after transplantation for heart tissue regeneration.
Original languageEnglish
Article number121
Number of pages13
JournalGels
Volume8
Issue number2
Early online date14 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • shear-thinning
  • dual-cross linked hydrogels
  • messenchymal stem cells
  • cardiac tissue engineering

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