Double exposures and decision making: adaptation policy and planning in Ireland’s coastal cities during a boom–bust cycle

James Jeffers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)


    The importance of the interactions between global environmental and
    socioeconomic changes in shaping vulnerability and exposure to hazards is now increasingly
    recognised. However, relatively little attention has been focused on the ways in which these
    interactions help to shape planning and policy in response to both processes. This paper
    examines how the intersections between the twin crises of economic recession and climate
    change are influencing hazards mitigation policy and climate change adaptation planning
    in three of Ireland’s coastal cities. The cities of Dublin, Cork, and Galway are important
    case studies for this analysis due to the magnitude of socioeconomic and environmental
    changes they have witnessed in recent years. The paper begins by using the doubleexposure framework to analyse how the interactions between global environmental and
    socioeconomic change have produced the contextual environment within which decision
    making and policy formation take place. This is followed by the presentation and analysis
    of the results of semistructured interviews with local decision makers and stakeholders.
    These illustrate that the interactions between environmental change and economic
    crisis have created the material and ideological conditions in which a neoliberal growth
    centred discourse of economic development dominates all areas of decision making andpolicy. This has important implications for environmental policy and planning in cities,
    promoting a vision of a modern competitive city in which technological solutions are the
    preferred means of addressing flood risks. These decisions in turn reshape the exposures
    and vulnerabilities of local communities.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1436-1454
    Number of pages19
    JournalEnvironment and Planning A
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


    • adaptation
    • vulnerability
    • hazards
    • floods
    • climate change
    • double-exposure
    • economic crisis
    • financial crisis
    • neoliberalism
    • celtic tiger
    • ireland

    Cite this