Early maternal employment and children's vocabulary and inductive reasoning ability: a dynamic approach

Michael Kühhirt, Markus Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)


This study investigates the relationship between early maternal employment history and children’s vocabulary and inductive reasoning ability at age 5, drawing on longitudinal information on 2,200 children from the Growing Up in Scotland data. Prior research rarely addresses dynamics in maternal employment and the methodological ramifications of time-variant confounding. The present study proposes various measures to capture duration, timing, and stability of early maternal employment and uses inverse probability of treatment weighting to control for time-variant confounders that may partially mediate the effect of maternal employment on cognitive scores. The findings suggest only modest differences in the above ability measures between children with similar observed covariate history but who have been exposed to very different patterns of early maternal employment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e91-e106
Number of pages16
JournalChild Development
Issue number2
Early online date6 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2018


  • maternal employment
  • child development
  • inductive reasoning in children
  • vocabulary acquisition

Cite this