Eastern philosophies of education: Buddhist, Hindu, Daoist, and Confucian readings of Plato’s cave

David Lewin, Oren Ergas

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This chapter provides readers with an understanding of some basic principles of selected Eastern traditions and their relation to philosophy of education. The attempt to characterize such diverse traditions and understandings of education raises numerous hermeneutical issues which can only be addressed through a pedagogical reduction as a vehicle for understanding. In this case, we have employed Plato’s cave allegory as that methodological and pedagogical vehicle. We explore aspects of the ontology, epistemology, and ethics of Buddhist, Hindu (focused on classical yoga), Daoist, and Confucian traditions, interpreting elements from Plato’s allegory in order to throw light onto the educational ideas and implications of those Eastern traditions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Handbook of Philosophy of Education
EditorsPaul Smeyers
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9783319727592
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2018


  • religious education
  • eastern philosophies

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