Enhancing outcomes of low-intensity parenting groups through sufficient exemplar training: a randomized control trial

Melanie L. Palmer, Louise J. Keown, Matthew R. Sanders, Marion Henderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Low-intensity parenting groups, such as the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program Discussion Groups, appear to be a cost-effective intervention for child conduct problems. Several studies evaluating a Triple P Discussion Group on disobedience found promising results for improving child and parent outcomes. However, a sufficient exemplar training approach that incorporates generalization promotion strategies may assist parents to more flexibly apply positive parenting principles to a broader range of child target behaviors and settings, leading to greater change. We compared the effects of sufficient exemplar training to an existing narrowly focused low-intensity intervention. Participants were 78 families with a 5–8 year-old child. Sufficient exemplar training resulted in more robust changes in child behavior and superior outcomes for mothers on measures of parenting behavior, parenting self-efficacy, mental health, and perceptions of partner support at post-intervention and 6-month follow-up. These results indicate that teaching sufficient exemplars may promote generalization leading to enhanced intervention outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-399
Number of pages16
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Issue number3
Early online date9 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2019


  • conduct problems
  • generalization
  • intervention
  • low-intensity
  • parenting

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