Forging of ultrafine grained commercial purity titanium orthopaedic implants

Andrzej Rosochowski, Malgorzata Rosochowska, Roman Kuziak, Sonia Boczkal, Debbie Arnott

Research output: Contribution to conferenceSpeech


The increasing demand for advanced orthopaedic implants increases healthcare spending worldwide. One possible way of limiting this cost is through replacing titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V ELI, often used for orthopaedic implants, with pure titanium, which is cheaper and more biocompatible. However, pure titanium is not strong enough to be used in such applications. The solution is to increase its strength by refining its grain structure by severe plastic deformation. This paper describes an attempt to produce ultrafine grained commercial purity titanium grade 2 and characterise its deformation behaviour and structure evolution in subsequent uniaxial compression testing. The final material is then forged into a scaled-down femoral stem. After forging, the femoral stem had lower tensile strength than Ti-6Al-4V ELI but identical high cycle fatigue strength. The proposed approach enables cost reduction realised through cheaper material, dramatically reduced forging temperature, longer tool life and avoiding chemical etching after forging.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 5 Nov 2019
EventThe 3rd International Conference on Light Materials – Science and Technology (LightMAT 2019) - Manchester , United Kingdom
Duration: 5 Nov 20197 Nov 2019


ConferenceThe 3rd International Conference on Light Materials – Science and Technology (LightMAT 2019)
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • ultrafine grained metal
  • orthopaedic implant
  • forging
  • titanium alloy

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