Fully nonlinear solution of bi-chromatic deep-water waves

Zhiliang Lin, Longbin Tao, Yongchang Pu, Alan J. Murphy

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Fully nonlinear bi-chromatic unidirectional waves propagating in deep-water are investigated using the homotopy analysis method. The velocity potential of the waves is expressed by Fourier series and the nonlinear free surface boundary conditions are satisfied by continuous mapping. The bi-chromatic wave elevation and velocity profiles underneath the wave crest and trough are presented and compared with the available perturbation results. Unlike the perturbation method, the present approach is not dependent on small parameters; therefore solutions are possible for steep waves. The Fast Fourier Transform analysis is then applied to study the effect of higher order wave components. The fully nonlinear dispersion relation is established. Comparisons of the wave characteristics demonstrate that the present method is effective to study the strongly nonlinear wave-wave interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-299
Number of pages10
JournalOcean Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2014


  • bi-chromatic wave
  • fully nonlinear
  • homotopy analysis
  • series approximation
  • deep-water
  • velocity potential
  • fast fourier transform analysis

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