Hemodynamics in the aorta and pulmonary arteries of congenital heart disease patients: a mini review

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Congenital heart disease, which affects more than one million newborns globally each year, contributes to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and ultimately reduced life expectancy. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) enables detailed, non-invasive characterization of complex physiological pressure and flow fields, thus improving our understanding of congenital heart disease hemodynamics. In recent years, this has driven clinical decision-making, surgical planning, and the evaluation of innovative surgical techniques. In this mini review, CFD methods applied to the study of congenital abnormalities, with a focus on the aorta and pulmonary bifurcation, are discussed. The clinical relevance and future directions of CFD modelling are also reviewed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2021


  • pulmonary bifurcation
  • congenital heart disease
  • hemodynamics
  • pulmonary artery
  • cardiovascular disease

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