Improved method of hysteresis compensation for a piezoelectric fiber optic voltage sensor

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We report on an improved numerical method for hysteresis compensation within a hybrid piezoelectric fiber optic voltage sensor. The previous technique relied on laborious and relatively inaccurate individual curve-fitting procedures to create multiple sets of lookup functions used for the final derivation of the measured voltage. The new technique uses an aggregate 3-D arrangement of the captured hysteresis loops and applies a surface-fitting algorithm based on the Levenberg-Marquardt method to create two 3-D lookup functions, which are then used to derive the instantaneous value of the measured voltage. Furthermore, a more advanced algorithm for selecting top and bottom hysteresis-loop parts has been applied to eliminate errors associated with the incorrect selection at low voltage levels by the previous algorithm. The proposed enhancements greatly simplify the calibration process and significantly reduce measurement errors. The technique, implemented using a real-time signal-processing system, was tested and its effectiveness evaluated experimentally. The new algorithm provided complete phase error compensation, from approximately 7 to 0 deg, and magnitude error compensation down to 0.15% (full-scale output)—an improvement of more than 3 times over the previous technique.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptical Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2007


  • fibre optic sensors
  • voltage measurement
  • hysteresis
  • piezoelectric transducers
  • hysteresis compensation
  • surface fitting
  • electrical submersible pumps
  • Bragg gratings
  • Fiber Bragg grating sensors

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