Interactional differences and effects between collocated and distributed design

Gokula Annamalai Vasantha, Hari Prakash Ramesh, Chandra Mouli Sugavanam, Amaresh Chakrabarti, Jonathan Corney, Andrew Wodehouse

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book


Interactions (i.e. modes of operations through which product development knowledge is generated and externalized in the design process) play a vital role in knowledge processes of product development. Intentional or unintentional changes in interactions could have a significant impact on the design process (impacting e.g. idea generation, costly rework, and time delay). Although the literature has emphasized the importance of various types of interactions, defining and studying interactions from various perspectives are largely missed. In this study, interactions were studied with the following parameters to incorporate various perspective views: multimodal interactions (verbal, graphical, gesture, text and combination), variety of interactions (tools combinations), variation of interactions (frequency of interactions change), collaboration (individual and working together), and designers’ movements and positions. Laboratory experiments in collocated and distributed set-ups were conducted using SmartboardTM and RhinoTM conceptual CAD software to study these parameters. This paper presents initial results from both original and redesign processes, and details follow-up research questions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch into Design for Communities, Volume 1
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of ICoRD 2017
Place of PublicationSingapore
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9789811035173
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2017
Event6th International Conference on Research into Design - Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, India
Duration: 9 Jan 201711 Jan 2017


Conference6th International Conference on Research into Design
Internet address


  • interaction
  • collaborative design
  • distributed design
  • sketches
  • multimodal interactions
  • collaboration
  • collocated
  • CAD software

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