Lead(II) coordination polymers driven by pyridine-hydrazine donors: from anion-guided self-assembly to structural features

Ghodrat Mahmoudi, Farhad Akbari Afkhami, Alan R. Kennedy, Fedor I. Zubkov, Ennio Zangrando, Alexander M. Kirillov, Elies Molins, Mariusz P. Mitoraj, Damir A. Safin

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In this work, we report extensive experimental and theoretical investigations on a new series of PbII coordination polymers exhibiting extended supramolecular architectures, namely [Pb2(LI)(NCS)4]n (1), [Pb(HLII)I2]n (2), [Pb(LIII)I]n (3) and [Pb(HLIV)(NO3)2]n·nMeOH (4), which were self-assembled from different PbII salts and various pyridine-hydrazine based linkers, namely 1,2-bis(pyridin-3-ylmethylene)hydrazine (LI), (pyridin-4-ylmethylene)isonicotinohydrazide (HLII), 1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylidenenicotinohydrazide (HLIII) and phenyl(pyridin-2-yl)methylenenicotinohydrazide (HLIV), respectively. It is recognized that the origin of self-assembling is fundamentally rooted in a dual donor (6s2/6p0 hybridized lone electron pair) and electrophilic behaviour of PbII. This allows production of extended topologies from a 1D polymeric chain in 4 through a 2D layer in 2 to the 3D frameworks in 1 and 3, predominantly due to the cooperative action of both covalent and non-covalent tetrel interactions of the overall type Pb-X (X = O, N, S, I). Counterintuitively, the latter, seemingly weak interactions, have appeared to be even stronger than the typical covalent bonds due to the presence of a bunch of supportive London dispersion dominated contacts: ππ, Lpπ, C-HO, C-HI, C-HH-C as well as more typical mainly electrostatically driven N-HO or N/O-HO hydrogen bonds. It is revealed that the constituting generally strong tetrel type Pb-X (X = O, N, S, I) bonds, though dominated by a classic Coulomb term, are therefore characterized by a very important London dispersion constituent, extremely strong relativistic effects and the two way dative-covalent Pb ↔ X electron charge delocalization contribution as revealed by the Extended Transition State Natural Orbital for Chemical Valence (ETS-NOCV) charge and energy decomposition scheme. It unravels that the pyridine-hydrazine linkers are also excellent London dispersion donors, and that together with the donor-acceptor properties of the heavy (relativistic) PbII atoms and nucleophilic counterions lead to extended self-assembling of 1-4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11238-11248
Number of pages11
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number32
Early online date17 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2020


  • polymers
  • supramolecular architectures
  • self-assembling


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