Length scales and polarization properties of annular standing waves in circular broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

M. Schulz-Ruhtenberg, Y. Tanguy, R. Jager, T. Ackemann

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10 Citations (Scopus)


It is shown that the 'flower-like' emission patterns along the perimeter of broad-area circular vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers can be interpreted in a first approximation as annular standing waves. Their modulation period follows the dispersion relation of tilted plane waves for a plano-planar cavity. For high enough divergence angle, they show a very peculiar polarization behavior of radial polarization in near field and azimuthal polarization in far field. The polarization selection is qualitatively explained by the breaking of the isotropy between s- and p-components for waves propagating off axis in the Bragg reflectors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-403
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Physics B: Lasers and Optics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009


  • polarization
  • annular standing waves
  • vertical-cavity
  • surface-emitting lasers

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