The actin cytoskeleton has been reported to restrict signalling in resting immune cells. Beta2-integrins, which mediate adhesion and cytoskeletal organization, are emerging as negative regulators of myeloid cell-mediated immune responses, but the molecular mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Here, we show that loss of the interaction between beta2-integrins and kindlin-3 abolishes the actin-linkage of integrins and the GM-CSF receptor in dendritic cells. This leads to increased GM-CSF receptor/Syk signalling, and to the induction of a transcriptional programme characteristic of mature, migratory dendritic cells, accumulation of migratory dendritic cells in lymphoid organs, and increased Th1 immune responses in vivo. We observe increased GM-CSF responses and increased survival in neutrophils where the interaction between integrin and the cytoskeleton is disrupted. Thus, ligand-reinforced beta2-integrin tail interactions restrict cytokine receptor signalling, survival, maturation and migration in myeloid cells and thereby contribute to immune homeostasis in vivo.
- actin cytoskeleton
- dendritic cells