The parameter estimation methods for the nonlinear exponential autoregressive (ExpAR) model are investigated in this work. Combining the hierarchical identification principle with the negative gradient search, we derive a hierarchical stochastic gradient algorithm. Inspired by the multi-innovation identification theory, we develop a hierarchical-based multi-innovation identification algorithm for the ExpAR model. Introducing two forgetting factors, a variant of the hierarchical-based multi-innovation identification algorithm is proposed. Moreover, to compare and demonstrate the serviceability of these algorithms, a nonlinear ExpAR process is taken as an example in the simulation.
- hierarchical identification
- multi-innovation identification
- negative gradient search
- nonlinear ExpAR model
- parameter estimation