Modeling and nonlinear model predictive control of kite system for high altitude wind energy generation

Zhenhua Zhao, Jun Yang, Hong Yue, Shihua Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

5 Citations (Scopus)


Kitenergy is an emerging technology in airborne wind energy (AWE) that captures high altitude wind energy (HAWE) by exploiting its controlled flight of tethered wings. Compared with its ground level counterparts, AWE has the advantages to harness wind energy with a higher efficiency and a more consistent behavior. Automatic control of the kite's airfoils is crucial to the proper running of kitenergy systems. In this paper, a control oriented model of a tethered kite system is developed step by step, and a simplified state-space model is established as a first attempt. Based on this model, a nonlinear model predictive controller (NMPC) is designed to track a pre-optimized figure-eight trajectory. The merits of the NMPC are validated by simulation studies on a practical-scale kitenergy system model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChinese Control Conference, CCC
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9789881563842
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2014
Event33rd Chinese Control Conference, CCC 2014 - Nanjing, United Kingdom
Duration: 28 Jul 201430 Jul 2014


Conference33rd Chinese Control Conference, CCC 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • airborne wind energy (AWE)
  • high-altitude wind energy (HAWE)
  • modeling of kite system
  • nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC)
  • trajectory tracking

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