Multipath routing backbones for load balancing in mobile ad hoc networks

M. Ali, B. G. Stewart, A. Shahrabi, A. Vallavaraj

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

5 Citations (Scopus)


Effective load balancing has been a challenging task in Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET) due to their dynamic and unpredictable behaviour and topology change. This paper presents a new approach based on multipath routing backbones for enhanced load balancing in MANETs. Nodes in MANETs greatly differ with each other in terms of communication and processing capabilities. In the proposed approach, multiple routing backbones are identified from source to destination using intermediate nodes that have better communication and processing capabilities to take part in the mobile routing backbones and efficiently participate in the routing process. In addition to enhanced load balancing, the new approach also provides better Quality of Service (QoS) support and congestion control according to current network traffic levels and nodes' processing loads. Simulation results show that this approach improves network throughput and packet delivery ratio and reduces end-to-end delay considerably by directing traffic through lowly congested multiple routing backbones that are rich in resources.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 16th IEEE Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference, MELECON 2012
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781467307826
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2012
Event2012 16th IEEE Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference, MELECON 2012 - Yasmine Hammamet, Tunisia
Duration: 25 Mar 201228 Mar 2012


Conference2012 16th IEEE Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference, MELECON 2012
CityYasmine Hammamet


  • load balancing
  • mobile routing backbones
  • quality of service
  • routing
  • routing protocols
  • telecommunication traffic
  • resource allocation
  • telecommunication network topology

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