Numerical simulations of flow around intense appendage movements for aquatic propulsion

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The flow dynamics around elongated slender geometries undergoing time- dependent intense motions, which apply to cases of appendage-based aquatic locomotion, is of considerable importance for understanding the energetics of these motions and for exploiting energy-efficient strategies to apply in novel propulsion designs. The difficulty in simulating such flows lies in the solution accuracy. The use of fixed-grid methods has been the gold standard for such flows, in which a moving (immersed) boundary is defined on a stationary domain; thus, these methods are capable of handling arbitrarily large motions and deformations and allow effective transient solutions of complex fluid problems. Within the immersed-boundary framework, we propose implementations for medium and extreme motions, ensuring stability and accuracy of transient motion results. The movements investigated are based on kinematic models extracted both from available three-dimensional motion reconstruction data of animal swimming and the literature. This study includes a series of specific geometries and motions, which entail parametric studies of performance and propulsive efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2017
Event29th International Conference on Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics - University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 15 May 201717 May 2017


Conference29th International Conference on Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics
Abbreviated title29th ParCFD
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • immersed boundary method
  • numerical simulations
  • aquatic locomotion

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