OECD reviews of higher education in regional and city development, State of Victoria, Australia

J Puukka, David Charles, E Hazelkorn, M Piacentini, J Rushford

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

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With more than 5.3 million inhabitants Victoria is the second most
populous state in Australia. Once a manufacturing economy, Victoria is now
transforming itself into a service and innovation-based economy. Currently,
the largest sectors are education services and tourism. In terms of social
structure, Victoria is characterised by a large migrant population, 24% of
population were born overseas and 44% were either born overseas or have a
parent who was born overseas. About 70% of the population resides in
Melbourne. Victoria faces a number of challenges, ranging from an ageing
population and skills shortages to drought and climate change and increased
risk of natural disasters. Rapid population growth, 2% annually, has
implications for service delivery and uneven development as well as
regional disparities. There are barriers to connectivity in terms of transport
and infrastructure, and a high degree of inter-institutional competition in
tertiary education sector. The business structure in Victoria includes some
highly innovative activities such as in biotechnology, but other sectors,
especially those with high number of small and medium-sized enterprises,
are lagging behind. Most of the larger manufacturing enterprises are
externally controlled and there is uncertainty over the long term investments
they will make in the state, as well as the place of Victoria in the global
production networks.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages196
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • higher education
  • city development
  • economic activity
  • Australia

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