Optimal controller design for ultra-precision fast-actuation cutting systems

Fei Ding, Xichun Luo, Duo Li, Zheng Qiao, Bo Wang

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Fast-actuation cutting systems are in high demand for machining of freeform optical parts. Design of such motion systems requires good balance between structural hardware and controller design. However, the controller tuning process is mostly based on human experience, and it is not feasible to predict positioning performance during the design stage. In this paper, a deterministic controller design approach is adopted to preclude the uncertainty associated with controller tuning, which results in a control law minimizing positioning errors based on plant and disturbance models. Then, the influences of mechanical parameters such as mass, damping, and stiffness are revealed within the closed-loop framework. The positioning error was reduced from 1.19 nm RMS to 0.68 nm RMS with the new controller. Under the measured disturbance conditions, the optimal bearing stiffness and damping coefficient are 1.1×105 N/m and 237.7 N/(m·s−1), respectively. We also found that greater moving inertia helps to reduce all disturbances at high frequencies, in agreement with the positioning experiments. A quantitative understanding of how plant structural parameters affect positioning stability is thus shown in this paper. This is helpful for the understanding of how to reduce error sources from the design point of view.
Original languageEnglish
Article number33
Number of pages13
Issue number1
Early online date27 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • optimal control
  • ultra-precision machining
  • microstructure
  • controller tuning
  • fast tool servo

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