Optimal selective maintenance scheduling for series–parallel systems based on energy efficiency optimization

Tangbin Xia, Guojin Si, Guo Shi, Kaigan Zhang, Lifeng Xi

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


With the industry sustainable development and increasing awareness of energy conservation, many manufacturing enterprises prefer to develop the operation and maintenance (O&M) with high production throughput and low energy consumption. In reality, many manufacturing systems are required to conduct a sequence of predefined missions with finite breaks between any two consecutive missions. To successfully complete the next mission production, maintenance actions are arranged and performed on machines during each scheduled break. In this paper, an energy-oriented selective maintenance policy (ESMP) for series–parallel systems is investigated. At each break, multiple maintenance actions with different impacts on machine degradation are available under limited maintenance resources. To obtain the throughput-and-energy based maintenance scheme, we first model the system energy efficiency based on system throughput and energy consumption. Then, we integer the energy efficiency modeling, production throughout analysis, and selective maintenance scheduling into an optimization model. And the model objective is to find the appropriate maintenance action for each machine at each break subject to cost and duration constraints. Numerical examples have been addressed to demonstrate the performance and adaptability of our proposed ESMP in long-term selective maintenance scheduling. Finally, a comparative analysis with traditional reliability-oriented policy shows the significant improvement of energy efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages99
Specialist publicationApplied Energy
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2022


  • energy efficiency
  • maintenance resources constraints
  • multiple maintenance actions
  • selective maintenance
  • series–parallel system

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