Radiometric wireless sensor network monitoring of partial discharge sources in electrical substations

Yong Zhang, David Upton, Adel Jaber, Hamd Ahmed, Bahghtar Saeed, Peter Mather, Pavlos Lazaridis, Alexandre Mopty, Christos Tachtatzis, Robert Atkinson, Martin Judd, Maria Fatima Queiroz Vieira, Ian Glover

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A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) with the potential to monitor and locate partial discharge (PD) in high-voltage electricity substations using only received signal strength (RSS) is proposed. The advantages of an RSS-based operating principle over more traditional methods (e.g. Time-of-Arrival and Time-Difference-of-Arrival) are described. Laboratory measurements of PD that emulate the operation of a PD WSN are presented. The hardware architecture of a prototype PD WSN is described and the particular challenge of an RSS-based location approach in an environment with an unknown, and spatially varying, path-loss index are discussed. It is concluded that an RSS-based PD WSN is a plausible solution for the monitoring of insulation integrity in electricity substations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number438302
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015


  • wireless sensor networks
  • partial discharge
  • electricity substations

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