Reliable estimation of the mean annual frequency of collapse by considering ground motion spectral shape effects

Alireza Azarbakht, Mohamadreza Shahri, Mehdi Mousavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Ground motion record (GMR) selection is an important issue in the nonlinear dynamic analysis procedure. Most of the current design codes recommend to use GMRs in which their mean spectrum be matched to a design spectrum e.g. uniform hazard spectrum. However recent research results have shown that the code methodology is neither robust nor realistic. On the other hand, GMR selection, based on spectral shape, is recently proposed in order to deal with this problem. ε and η are two powerful spectral shape indicators which are used for GMR selection purposes. A comparison between ε and η was made in order to access their capability to predict the linear spectral shape and the structural nonlinear response. The η-based conditional mean spectrum (E-CMS), which has been recently emerged as a new design spectrum, was also investigated in this study. The E-CMS formulation format is fully compatible with the existing CMS definition which makes E-CMS quite easy to be implemented. The resulted E-CMS was used as a target spectrum for the record selection. Analysis of a set of multi degree of freedom systems shows that the mean annual frequency of collapse is achievable, with more reliability, based on the new emerged indicator. Therefore, the bias is decreased by employing the η concept into the record selection procedure. The bias reduction is more significant in higher hazard levels and in the case of structures with low natural periods or with significant higher mode effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-797
Number of pages21
JournalBulletin of Earthquake Engineering
Issue number3
Early online date12 Jul 2014
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • ground motion record selection
  • seismic hazard
  • uniform hazard spectrum
  • ε indicator
  • η indicator
  • η-based conditional mean spectrum

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