State-of-the-art techniques and challenges ahead for distributed generation planning and optimization

A. Kean, L.F. Ochoa, C.L.T. Borges, Graham Ault, Arturo Daniel Alarcon Rodriguez, Robert Alastair Fraser Currie, F. Pilo, C. Dent, G.P. Harrison

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

263 Citations (Scopus)


It is difficult to estimate how much distributed generation (DG) capacity will be connected to distribution systems in the coming years; however, it is certain that increasing penetration levels require robust tools that help assess the capabilities and requirements of the networks in order to produce the best planning and control strategies. The work of this Task Force is focused on the numerous strategies and methods that have been developed in recent years to address DG integration and planning. This paper contains a critical review of the work in this field. Although there have been numerous publications in this area, widespread implementation of the methods has not taken place. The barriers to implementation of the advanced techniques are outlined, highlighting why network operators have been slow to pick up on the research to date. Furthermore, key challenges ahead which remain to be tackled are also described, many of which have come into clear focus with the current drive towards smarter distribution networks.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2013


  • AC optimal power flow
  • active network management
  • distributed generation
  • distribution networks
  • wind power generation

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