Survival of the GAP II cage in the management of metastatic disease of the acetabulum

John W. Kennedy, Omer M. Farhan-Alanie, David Young, Michael P. Kelly, Peter S. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of an antiprotrusio acetabular cage (APC) when used in the surgical treatment of periacetabular bone metastases. Methods This retrospective cohort study using a prospectively collected database involved 56 patients who underwent acetabular reconstruction for periacetabular bone metastases or haematological malignancy using a single APC between January 2009 and 2020. The mean follow-up was 20 months (1 to 143). The primary outcome measure was implant survival. Postoperative radiographs were analyzed for loosening and failure. Patient and implant survival were assessed using a competing risk analysis. Secondary parameters included primary malignancy, oncological treatment, surgical factors, length of stay in hospital, and postoperative complications. Results A total of 33 patients (59%) died during the study period at a mean of 15 months postoperatively (1 to 63). No patient had radiological evidence of loosening or failure. Acetabular component survival was 100%. Three patients (5.4%) had further surgery; one (1.8%) underwent revision of the femoral component for dislocation, one required debridement with implant retention for periprosthetic joint infection, and one required closed reduction for dislocation. Using death as a competing risk, at 100 months, the probability of revision was 0.036 and the risk of death was 0.84. Conclusion With appropriate patient selection, the antiprotrusio cage offers good implant survival, with a reasonable perioperative complication rate in this high-risk group of patients when managing metastatic disease or haematological malignancy around the acetabulum. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2022;104-B(4):504–509.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-509
Number of pages6
JournalThe Bone & Joint Journal
Volume104-B
Issue number4
Early online date1 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • metastatic disease
  • acetabulum
  • total hip arthroplasty
  • metastatic disease of the acetabulum
  • bony metastases
  • acetabular component
  • postoperative radiographs
  • femoral component
  • acetabular cages
  • debridement
  • postoperative complication

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