The alteration of the structural properties and photocatalytic activity of TiO2 following exposure to non-linear irradiation sources

Soo-Keun Lee, Peter K.J. Robertson, Andrew Mills, Daniel McStay, N. Elliott, Donald McPhail

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When TiO2 powder was irradiated with a laser light (>0.8 MW peak pulse power (PPP) at 355 nm) a visible change in its colour from white to dark blue was observed. The initial rate of change of the total colour difference was related to the laser light intensity and the longer the irradiation time the more substantial the colour change. The result of X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies showed that the crystal structure of the TiO2 developed a more rutile form after laser exposure. ESR studies indicated that the colour change was associated with the generation of Ti(III) species in the photocatalyst. Electron microscopic studies showed that more spherical shaped particles of TiO2 were observed after laser treatment although the average particle size remained largely unchanged. No significant changes in the band gap or the surface area of the laser modified TiO2 were observed. The laser modified photocatalyst showed no enhancement in activity for the destruction of methylene blue, rhodamine B and stearic acids, indicating that the rutile/anatase ratio is unimportant in the destruction of the test pollutants used in this work, via TiO2 photocatalysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-184
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2003


  • Laser
  • TiO2
  • Structure change
  • Colour change
  • Photocatalytic activity

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