The burden of HPV-associated anogenital cancers

Katie Wakeham, Kimberley Kavanagh

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The epidemiology of ano-genitals cancers is under going substantial change. Cervical cancer remains a major public health concern, particular in resource-limited settings. Cancers of the anus, penis, vaginal and vulva are relatively uncommon cancers, but may be increasing in incidence. The change in occurrence of ano-genital cancers may be due to increasing HPV transmission secondary to changes in sexual behaviour. The screening programme and the HPV vaccine offer optimism that ano-genital cancers can in the future be prevented. This article reviews the epidemiology of ano-genital cancers with a focus on Scottish data.
Original languageEnglish
Article number402
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Oncology Reports
Issue number9
Early online date15 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2014


  • human papillomavirus
  • cervical screening
  • HPV vaccination
  • vulval cancer
  • vaginal cancer
  • penile cancer
  • anal cancer
  • cervical cancers

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