Currently, the two most widespread methods for modelling the particulate phase in numerical simulations of gas-solid flows are discrete particle simulation (see, e.g., Mikami, Kamiya, & Horio, 1998), and the two-fluid approach, e.g., kinetic theory models (see, e.g., Louge, Mastorakos, & Jenkins, 1991). In both approaches the gas phase is described by a locally averaged Navier-Stokes equation and the two phases are usually coupled by a drag force. Due to the large density difference between the particles and the gas, inter-phase forces other than the drag force are usually neglected, so it plays a significant role in characterising the gas-solid flow. Yasuna, Moyer, Elliott, and Sinclair (1995) have shown that the solution of their model is sensitive to the drag coefficient. In general, the performance of most current models depends critically on the accuracy of the drag force formulation.
- numerical simulation
- kinetic theory