This article traces the evolution of the use of the legal concept of benefit-sharing in the context of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), with a view to highlighting its contribution to indigenous and local communities? livelihoods. To this end, the article proposes a distinction between inter-State benefit-sharing (as identified in the third CBD objective and as usually linked to access to genetic resources), and notably lesser known State-to-community benefit-sharing (in relation to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity). The article highlights the different legal connotations of the two dimensions of this legal concept, while supporting an integrated interpretation of the CBD by pointing to a wide array of benefit-sharing related tools under the Convention that can be used to support indigenous and local communities? livelihoods in pursuing the Convention?s three objectives. The article also identifies other international processes ? in the areas of intellectual property, health and climate change ? in which, these conceptual developments may have a significant influence.
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Review of European Community and International Environmental Law|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Jul 2010|
- sustainable use
- access to genetic resources
- indigenous communities