The export base model with a supply-side stimulus to the export sector

John Swales, Soo Jung Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In the export-base model, the level of a region’s economic activity is underpinned by the performance of its export sector (Daly, 1940; Dixon and Thirlwall, 1975; Kaldor, 1970; North, 1955). This theory is now almost universally represented as a primitive version of the familiar Input-Output (IO) or Keynesian demand-driven approach, where regional output is linked to regional exports through a rather mechanistic multiplier process (Romanoff, 1974). Further, in a standard IO inter-regional
framework, the expansion of output in one region always generates positive impacts on other regions. That is to say, there is always a positive spread, and no negative backwash, effect.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-31
Number of pages32
JournalAnnals of Regional Science
Early online date4 Feb 2011
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2012


  • export base model
  • exports

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