The value of local heatwave impact assessment: a case-crossover analysis of hospital emergency department presentations in Tasmania, Australia

Sharon L. Campbell, Tomas A. Remenyi, Grant J. Williamson, Christopher J. White, Fay H. Johnston

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Heatwaves have been identified as a threat to human health, with this impact projected to rise in a warming climate. Gaps in local knowledge can potentially undermine appropriate policy and preparedness actions. Using a case-crossover methodology, we examined the impact of heatwave events on hospital emergency department (ED) presentations in the two most populous regions of Tasmania, Australia, from 2008–2016. Using conditional logistic regression, we analyzed the relationship between ED presentations and severe/extreme heatwaves for the whole population, specific demographics including age, gender and socio-economic advantage, and diagnostic conditions that are known to be impacted in high temperatures. ED presentations increased by 5% (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.01–1.09) across the whole population, by 13% (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.03–1.24) for children 15 years and under, and by 19% (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.04–1.36) for children 5 years and under. A less precise association in the same direction was found for those over 65 years. For diagnostic subgroups, non-significant increases in ED presentations were observed for asthma, diabetes, hypertension, and atrial fibrillation. These findings may assist ED surge capacity planning and public health preparedness and response activities for heatwave events in Tasmania, highlighting the importance of using local research to inform local practice.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3715
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2019


  • heatwaves
  • extremes
  • morbidity and mortality
  • health effects
  • emergency
  • case-crossover

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