Towards the use of electrospun piezoelectric nanofibre layers for enabling in-situ measurement in high performance composite laminates

Saeid Lotfian, Vijay Thakur Kumar, Claire Giraudmaillet, Ata Yoosefinejad, Feargal Brennan, Hamed Yazdani Nezhad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book


The aim of this research is to highlight the effects from composite manufacturing on the piezoelectric properties of fibre-reinforced composite laminates internally modified by layers of low-density piezoelectric thermoplastic nanofibres in association with a conductive electrode layer. for in-situ deformation measurement of aerospace and renewable energy composite structures through enabling electrical signal change. Several methods have been used to analyse the effects such as phase characterisation of the piezoelectric thermoplastic nanofibres and non-destructive inspection of the laminates, during processing an Inter Digital Electrode (IDE) made by conductive epoxy-graphene resin, and pre-preg autoclave manufacturing aerospace grade laminates. The purpose of fabrication of such IDE layer was to embed the same resin type (HexFlow® RTM6) for the conductive layer as that used for the laminates, in order to sustain the structural integrity via mitigation of downgrading effects on the bonding quality and interlaminar properties between plies, rising from materials mismatch and discontinuous interplay stress transfer. XRD, FTIR, EDS and SEM analyses have been carried out in the material characterisation phase, whereas pulsed thermography and ultrasonic C-scanning were used for the localisation of conductive resin embedded within the composite laminates. This study has shown promising results for enabling internally embedded piezoelectricity (and thus health monitoring capabilities) in high performance composite laminates such as those in aerospace, automotive and energy sectors.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication18th European Conference on Composite Materials (ECCM-18)
Place of PublicationPatras, Greece
ISBN (Electronic)9781510896932
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2019
Event18th European Conference on Composite Materials, ECCM 2018 - Athens, Greece
Duration: 24 Jun 201828 Jun 2018


Conference18th European Conference on Composite Materials, ECCM 2018


  • in-situ measurement
  • piezoelectric phases
  • polymer-matrix composite
  • PVDF
  • structural integrity

Cite this