'Whose cry is Liberty, and Fatherland': Kossuth, Garibaldi and European nationalism in Scottish political poetry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


This article explores Scottish investments in European nationalist causes through the lens of popular verse, largely published in the newspaper press. It argues that this verse is indicative of a wider perception that Scotland had different and greater investments in European nineteenth-century nationalism than the rest of Britain. The article examines poetry centred on Louis (Lajos) Kossuth and Hungary, and Giuseppe Garibaldi of Italy, as the two most frequently represented and discussed figures in relation to perceived battles for national liberation in Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-94
Number of pages24
JournalScottish Literary Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018


  • Scotland
  • victorian
  • Garibaldi
  • Kossuth
  • Italian Risorgimento
  • Hungary
  • working-class
  • poetry

Cite this