Severe and long-lasting power shortages plague many countries, resulting in cyclic blackouts affecting the life of millions of people. This research focuses on the design, development and evolution of a computer-controlled system for chronic cyclic blackouts mitigation based on the use of an agent-based distributed power management system integrating Supply Demand Matching (SDM) with the dynamic management of Heat, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) appliances. The principle is supported through interlocking different types of HVAC appliances within an adaptive cluster, the composition of which is dynamically updated according to the level of power secured from aggregating the surplus power from underutilised standby generation which is assumed to be changing throughout the day. The surplus power aggregation provides a dynamically changing flow, used to power a basic set of appliances and one HVAC per household. The proposed solution has two modes, cyclic blackout mitigation and prevention modes, selecting either one depends on the size of the power shortage. If the power shortage is severe, the system works in its cyclic blackout mitigation mode during the power OFF periods of a cyclic blackout. The system changes the composition of the HVAC cluster so that its demand added to the demand of basic household appliances matches the amount of secured supply. The system provides the best possible air conditioning/cooling service and distributes the usage right and duration of each type of HVAC appliance either equally among all houses or according to house temperature. However if the power shortage is limited and centred around the peak, the system works in its prevention mode, in such case, the system trades a minimum number of operational air conditioners (ACs) with air cooling counterparts in so doing reducing the overall demand. The solution assumes the use of a new breed of smart meters, suggested in this research, capable of dynamically rationing power provided to each household through a centrally specified power allocation for each family. This smart meter dynamically monitors each customer's demand and ensures their allocation is never exceeded. The system implementation is evaluated utilising input power usage patterns collected through a field survey conducted in a residential quarter in Basra City, Iraq. The results of the mapping formed the foundation for a residential demand generator integrated in a custom platform (DDSM-IDEA) built as the development environment dedicated for implementing and evaluating the power management strategies. Simulation results show that the proposed solution provides an equitably distributed, comfortable quality of life level during cyclic blackout periods.
|Date of Award||7 Oct 2015|
- University Of Strathclyde
|Supervisor||Ivan Andonovic (Supervisor) & Craig Michie (Supervisor)|