Effect of incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP) on the microstructural characteristics and mechanical behaviour of commercially pure titanium

  • Muhammad Jawad Qarni

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


Owing to its high specific strength, low density, outstanding corrosion resistance and excellent bio-compatibility titanium and its alloys are a material of choice in many aerospace, military, chemical and biomedical applications. Ti-6Al-4V is the most widely used alloy for medical device applications such as in total replacement implants, where higher strength characteristics are generally a requirement. However, research has suggested that alloying elements such as aluminium and vanadium present in that alloy can be toxic in the long term and are therefore undesirable for full bio-integration. Commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) has superior biocompatibility but it lacks the strength required for most load bearing implants. One viable solution is to abandon the use of alloying elements and to improve the mechanical strength and performance of CP-Ti by nano-structuring or grain refinement.;Severe plastic deformation (SPD) is an established method for introducing extreme grain refinement in metals. The technique imparts high plastic strain to the material without significantly changing the sample dimensions and is capable of achieving ultrafine grain (UFG) structure in metals. UFG materials are characterized by an average grain size of
Date of Award6 Jun 2017
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University Of Strathclyde
SupervisorAndrzej Rosochowski (Supervisor) & Jonathan Corney (Supervisor)

Cite this